Futures of Control: AI in Criminal Investigation
MOZFEST X IMPAKT - Curated by Rosa Wevers
Location: Online programme
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From predictive policing systems to biometric detection software, AI systems are increasingly changing the field of crime investigation. Artificial intelligence does not only assist in tracing people who have committed a crime but is also used to predict where crimes are likely to occur. While appearing to be objective, systems of AI have become instruments of power that use data from the past to influence the future.
As researchers such as Ruha Benjamin have shown, such systems tend to function as ‘mirrors’ of our biased societies, that reflect existing inequalities and program them into the future. This results amongst others in the overpolicing of marginalised communities. Why are these systems so popular, despite the ongoing range of concerns and issues that come to light? What can they offer and what kind of future do they promise to provide? And how can these technologies and the people that use them be controlled and held accountable?
For this event, IMPAKT [Centre for Media Culture] brings together experts and artists to discuss the political implications of predictive policing and biometric surveillance. We will explore how AI is used in crime investigation, how it impacts our freedoms and rights as citizens, and how AI can also be used differently: as a tool to create awareness about inequality and fight police brutality.
- Gerwin van Schie, lecturer at the Media and Culture Department of Utrecht University, investigating processes of datafied racialization in the Netherlands
- Lotte Houwing, policy advisor at Bits of Freedom and there she focuses mainly on the relationship between the State and the citizen and the power relations that go with it
- Ahnjili, data scientist, Ph.D. candidate, artist, and science communicator. Ahnjili’s academic research focuses on developing smartphones- and wearables-based biomarkers
- Robert Glas, artist investigating the formal structures of the state, predominantly its laws and regulations and the technologies used to enforce them.
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Image credits: Robert Glas, Video still from “2020”, (2019)
Gerwin van Schie― Speaker
Gerwin van Schie is a lecturer at the Media and Culture Department of Utrecht University, investigating processes of datafied racialization in the Netherlands. In one of the case studies of his PhD-project, he investigates the so-called Crime Anticipation System (CAS) of the Dutch police, a spatiotemporal predictive policing system that produces a map visualizing the areas with the highest risk for various petty crimes, like burglary and robbery.
Lotte Houwing― Speaker
Lotte Houwing is a policy advisor at Bits of Freedom and there she focuses mainly on the relationship between the State and the citizen and the power relations that go with it. She works on the secret services dossier (the Sleep Act), the NCTV and biometric surveillance in the public domain. She is committed to protecting citizens against abuse of this power. Lotte obtained bachelors in philosophy and IT law from the University of Groningen, and then completed a research master's in 'Functionality of Law' cum laude. In doing so, she focused on digital human rights. She worked within the research group Security Technology and e-Privacy (STeP) of the RUG.
Ahnjili is a data scientist, Ph.D. candidate, artist, and science communicator. Ahnjili's academic research focuses on developing smartphones- and wearables-based biomarkers that can be used to monitor one’s mental and physical wellbeing for clinical trials. Ahnjili's artistic research and science communication focuses on educating the public about A.I. and algorithmic violence, which refers to the violence that is justified or is created by an automated decision-making system. The themes addressed in her work include predictive policing and DIY based surveillance. Ahnjili is a Mozilla Creative Media and Erasmus+ Grant Awardee.
Robert Glas― Speaker
Robert Glas. The artistic practice of Robert Glas (1986) is an ongoing investigation into the formal structures of the state, predominantly its laws and regulations and the technologies used to enforce them. This process results in short films, photography and installations exhibited at the Van Abbe Museum, Kunsthal and Foam. In 2019 he received the Charlotte Köhler Prijs and the Artist-in-Residence Fellowship of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS-KNAW). Glas lives and works in Rotterdam and Amsterdam (NL).